Uganda: Some Facts and Figures

Area: 91,041 square miles. Similar in size to Britain.

Location: Uganda straddles the Equator. It’s bordered by Kenya to the east; the Democratic Republic of Congo to the west; Rwanda and Tanzania to the south and South Sudan to the north.

Africa map

Uganda Map Kabubbu

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Population: 30 million
Capital: Kampala – population 1.7m
Other major towns: Jinja1; Mbale, Entebbe and Gulu.
Time zone: GMT +3
Altitude: 85% of the country is between 900m and 1,500m above sea level.
Highest Point: Mount Stanley in the Rwenzori Mountains (5,110m)
Language: 33 indigenous languages2 are spoken. Lugandan is the most common but English is the official language.
Currency: Uganda shilling
Life expectancy: 54 years (Unicef 2010)
Population orphaned by AIDS: 1.5m
Adult literacy: 65%
Land use3: 43% arable/pasture/agriculture; 28% forest; 4% marsh; 7% other.
Main Exports: coffee; fish; tea; tobacco.
Climate: Daily maximum for most of country 20 – 27 degrees; Daily minimum 12 – 18 degrees.
Rainfall: varies but wet seasons are mid-September to November and March to May
Sport: Football is the most popular sport4.

1: Jinja is close to the official source of the River Nile at the Owen Falls Dam
2: The language of Karimojong, spoken in the north-east, has a vocabulary of just 180 words!
3: 18% is covered by water – much of that is Lake Victoria, the largest lake in Africa and the second biggest fresh water lake in the world
4: The national team are known as the Cranes – a reference to Uganda’s national bird